Medellín (Spanish Medellín) is the second most important city in Colombia. The capital of the department of Antioquia, was founded in 1616 on the banks of the Porce River as the village of San Lorenzo, since 1675 – Villa de Nuestra Senhora de la Candelaria de Medellin.
Medellin is called the industrial capital of Colombia, in addition, the city is nicknamed “City of eternal spring”, “Capital of mountains”, “City of flowers”, “Capital of orchids”, “Beautiful village”, “Silver Cup”.
In the 1970s, 1980s and 90s, Medellin was one of the most dangerous cities in the world due to the actions of the Medellin cocaine cartel and right-wing paramilitary groups. In the period from 2011 to 2015, the number of murders decreased by 70% and reached a minimum in forty years. Most crimes are committed in poor areas, and rich areas, like the 14th commune – El Poblado, are practically free of crime. One of the most dangerous and poor areas is considered to be the 13th commune – San Javier
In Medellin, the “Botero city” was built, named after one of the most famous natives of Medellin — the sculptor Fernando Botero. The museum, Botero Sculpture Park, art galleries, studios for artists, recreation areas are located on an area of over 30 thousand square meters.
The main idea of this project is to open Medellin to the world as a cultural and artistic center, and not as the birthplace of the leader of the Medellin cartel Escobar.
Medellin is also known for the annual “Flower Fair” (Feria de las Flores) — a major event in the cultural life of the city